Women with a "pear-shaped" body can be met quite often. Their figures are characterized by the accumulation of excessive fat deposits in the area of the shins, buttocks and thighs. This is called gynoid obesity. Because of body imbalances, women feel insecure and often, wanting to lose weight, harm their health. This article will discuss the causes of this type of obesity and the most appropriate ways to get rid of it.
What is gynoid obesity?
The total mass of fat in a healthy human body is 10 to 20 kg. When you are overweight, this figure can be much higher.
According to the classification of obesity types according to the localization of fat tissue in the body, there are three types of the disease:
Androidal (abdominal). Fat deposits are localized mainly in the central part of the torso (around the abdomen). It occurs more often in men.
Gynoid. Accumulation of fat occurs in the lower part of the abdomen, on the thighs and buttocks. Most often occurs in women.
Mixed. Deposits are distributed throughout the body, both under the skin and around the internal organs.
How can you tell if you are obese?
The presence of excess weight can be determined independently by calculating the body mass index using the formula:
BMI = kg/m2, where kg is weight in kilograms, m2 is height in meters squared.
The normal index is considered to be from 18.5 to 25. An increase in the index above 30 indicates the presence of obesity.
You can find out about the presence of extra weight on the body by a method that has been known for a long time: from the height in centimeters we take 100 (in some variants 110) and get the maximum possible weight in kilograms.
There is another way to determine the presence of obesity: the ratio of the waist circumference to the circumference of the hips is determined.
If the ratio is higher than 0.85 for women and higher than 1 for men, they are overweight.
Gynoid obesity: what is the peculiarity?
Being overweight usually entails a lot of unpleasantness (discomfort, visual changes), including diseases. But unlike other types, gynoid obesity is relatively less dangerous to a woman's health, especially in its initial stages. This is due to the fact that the accumulated fat accumulates, mainly under the skin, and affects the internal organs.
However, among the unpleasant complications of this condition can be poor circulation, atherosclerosis, varicose veins, ischemia, arthritis, osteochondrosis, hemorrhoids, cellulite, etc.
Causes of occurrence
Gluteal hip obesity can occur if there are the following prerequisites:
Lack of physical exercise.
Increased production of female sex hormones or male hormones.
Uncontrolled intake of psychotropic or hormonal medications.
Pregnancy, lactation or menopause.
Complications of somatic diseases.
The development of obesity of the gynoid type is also affected by malfunctioning of the nervous system and endocrine glands.
It is not easy to remove excess weight for obese people. When contacting an endocrinologist, additional studies may be appointed to diagnose the patient's condition. This is done to clarify the features of the body and more successful therapy.
Conservative treatment of gynoid obesity includes such methods:
The use of medicines that regulate the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates, as well as improve the functioning of the thyroid gland.
Moderate physical activity: walking, swimming, exercise on bicycles, etc.
Compliance with diet number 8, which limits the intake of salt and involves filling the daily diet of low-fiber food, vegetables, steamed, stewed or baked. Dietary regimen fractional, daily caloric intake - no more than 1800 kcal. You should also take into account the glycemic and insulin index of products.
Physiotherapeutic procedures (pressotherapy, wraps).
Massage of local areas of the body.
Treatment of concomitant diseases.
If the treatment recommended by a specialist does not produce the desired results and obesity poses a threat to the health and life of the patient, she may be offered bariatric surgery. It is a minimally invasive surgical intervention which removes fat deposits and allows a person to lead an active and healthy life without large doses of medications.
In industrialized countries one third of the population is prone to develop obesity. Therefore, it is necessary to know how to prevent this unpleasant disease.
Among the preventive measures, experts recommend the following:
Adherence to a low-calorie balanced diet with restrictions on flour, sweets, fried, fatty, salty. Eat a large amount of vegetables (300 grams per day) with minimal heat treatment, as well as low-calorie fruits. The daily ration is divided into 5 meals: 25% breakfast, 10% snack, 35% lunch, 10% midday snack and 20% dinner.
Active lifestyle. Regular physical exercises (at least 3 times a week).
Massage (manual, apparatus, underwater shower massage) of the gluteopelvic area.
Nutritionists in the United States advise preventing weight gain by eating seasonings, and in particular curry, which contains curcumin, which helps to reduce the concentration of cholesterol in the human body.
The prevention of obesity also contributes to a cheerful mind, a good mood and the avoidance of stressful situations.
But as in the treatment and prevention of this pathology should not be "overdone": do not allow excessive physical activity and malnutrition. Because in that case, even if there will be a decrease in body weight, the general condition of the body will worsen because of the lack of vital substances.